This week featured two presentations:
1. Rationales for stakeholder involvement in transdisciplinary research – by Anne Juepner, Thomas Falk and Stacey Noel
2. Establishment of global scenarios and identification of their local relevance - by Bob Costanza and Ida Kubiszewski
1. Rationales for stakeholder involvement in transdisciplinary research In theory and practice different reasons exist to involve stakeholders in research processes. Being clear about objectives of stakeholder participation allows project managers to be more focused in their stakeholder strategy. Participants will learn a systematic approach to become aware of these objectives.
Presentation Anne Juepner_and Stacey Noel_Week_3
2. Establishment of global scenarios and identification of their local relevance Ecosystem services are a major contributor to sustainable human well-being. Between 1997 and 2011, it has been estimated that the global value of these services has decreased by $20 trillion/yr due to land use change (Costanza et al. 2014). In this study, we evaluate the future value of global ecosystem services under four alternative land use scenarios to the year 2050. The scenarios are a synthesis of prior scenario studies but are based around the four Great Transition Initiative archetypes: (1) Market Forces (MF); (2) Fortress World (FW); (3) Policy Reform (PR); and (4) Great Transition (GT). We also evaluate these scenarios for selected countries and regions, including Kenya, Chile, China, the Greater Mekong Subregion, and the United States. Results show that under the MF and FW scenarios the value of ecosystem services continues to decline, while in the PR scenario the value is maintained or slightly increased and in the GT scenario the value is significantly restored, even exceeding the 1997 value. This result is significantly enhanced if we take into account changes in the per-ha per-year unit values in each scenario due to land degradation or restoration.