Course Resources

Stakeholder Participation

Slide show “what is participation?”
by Mark Reed, University of Aberdeen, 2010 (21 slides).
http://de.slideshare.net/AberdeenCES/what-is-participation-4267394

Five principles for the practice of knowledge exchange in environmental management
Reed MS, Stringer LC, Fazey I, Evely AC, Kruijsen J. 2014. Five principles for the practice of knowledge exchange in environmental management. Journal of Environmental Management 146: 337–345.
http://ac.els-cdn.com/S030147971400365X/1-s2.0-S030147971400365X-main.pdf?_tid=918abba0-f2b3-11e4-880e-00000aacb362&acdnat=1430781558_b2c1a96de74823dcba4c5b35ed849215

Stakeholder Mapping

Stakeholders – Key Concepts,
ICRA Learning Materials. International Centre for development oriented Research in Agriculture (5 pages)
http://www.icra-edu.org/objects/anglolearn/Stakeholders-Key_Concepts.pdf

Stakeholder influence mapping. Power tools series.
International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK. (15 pages)
http://www.policy-powertools.org/Tools/Understanding/docs/stakeholder_influence_mapping_tool_english.pdf

Stakeholder Matrices – Guidelines, ICRA learning resources. International Centre for development oriented Research in Agriculture (24 pages)
http://www.icra-edu.org/objects/anglolearn/Stakeholder_Matrices-Guidelines(new).pdf

Stakeholder power analysis. Power tools series.
International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK. (24 pages)
http://www.policy-powertools.org/Tools/Understanding/docs/stakeholder_power_tool_english.pdf

Stakeholder Linkages for Sustainable Land Management
in Dangila Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia (2013).
This paper presents stakeholder types involved in sustainable land management (SLM). Their interests and interactions in Dangila, Amharic Region, as a case study site.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejesm.v6i3.5

A structured multi-stakeholder learning process for Sustainable Land Management (2012).The paper describes a three-part participatory methodology for selecting SLM options that was tested in 14 desertification-prone study sites within the EU-DESIRE project. Cross-site analysis and in-depth evaluation of the Moroccan and Portuguese sites were used to evaluate how well the proposed process facilitated stakeholder learning and selection of appropriate SLM options for local implementation.
The abstract: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479712002125.

Engaging Stakeholders Closely Affected

Appraisal Methods – Approaches
ICRA learning resources, International Centre for development oriented Research in Agriculture (7 pages).
http://www.icra-edu.org/objects/anglolearn/Appraisal_Methods-Approaches(new).pdf.

Appraising and Selecting Conservation Measures to Mitigate Desertification and Land Degradation Based on Stakeholder Participation and Global Best Practices (2009). Methodology developed within the EU-funded project DESIRE [www.desire-project.eu] and with the collaboration with The World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies [WOCAT; www.wocat.net].
The abstract https://www.wocat.net/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/Articles/Schwilch2009.pdf.

Best practice guidelines for stakeholder engagement in research projects

Durham E., Baker H., Smith M., Moore E. & Morgan V. (2014). The BiodivERsA Stakeholder Engagement Handbook. BiodivERsA, Paris (108 pp). Best practice guidelines for stakeholder engagement in research projects.
http://www.biodiversa.org/577

Good practices in participatory mapping: a review prepared for the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 2009 (59 pages).
http://www.ifad.org/pub/map/PM_web.pdf 

Integrating Local and Scientific Knowledge for Adaptation to Land Degradation: Kalahari Rangeland Management Options (2007).
This paper shows how local and scientific knowledge can be combined to identify rangeland management strategies to reduce or adapt to land degradation. The abstract http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ldr.777/abstract

Land Degradation in Jordan – Review of knowledge resources (2012).
International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Access the ICARDA working papers http://www.icarda.org/publication/working-papers.

Participation of NGOs in Land Degradation Policy-Making in Uganda (2014).
UNU-INWEH research paper.
http://inweh.unu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/McCormick_Participation-of-NGOs-in-Land-Degradation-Policy-in-Uganda-MA-Thesis_Web.pdf

Stakeholder analysis for environmental decision-making at local level

Hauck, J.; Saarikoski, H.; Turkelboom, F. and H. Keune (2014): Stakeholder Analysis in ecosystem service decision-making and research. In: Potschin, M. and K. Jax (eds): OpenNESS Reference Book. EC FP7 Grant Agreement no. 308428. Available via: www.openness-project.eu/library/reference-book

Stakeholder Assessment of Opportunities and Constraints to Sustainable Land Management in Ethiopia (2007).
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/04/15/000356161_20110415010523/Rendered/PDF/611350ESW0Whit1akeholder0Assessment.pdf

Successful Stakeholder Workshops

Geeson, N. (Ed.), 2012. Recommendations from the DESIRE Project for Successful Stakeholder Workshops, DESIRE Info-brief 12.
http://www.desire-his.eu/index.php/es/descargas/cat_view/61-key-messages/103-booklets-a-fact-sheets?limit=100&limitstart=0&order=name&dir=DESC.

Sustaining communities, livestock and wildlife – a guide to participatory land-use planning.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in collaboration with the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the United Republic of Tanzania, the Global Environmental Fund (GEF) and the World Bank, Rome, 2009 (115 pages). http://www.comap.ca/kmland/getdocument.php?F=1043751326_4c7267bf872742.40429872.

Engaging Other Stakeholders

Collective Action – Key Concepts

ICRA learning resources, International Centre for development oriented Research in Agriculture (explaining prisoner dilemma, free ride, tragedy of the commons, 9 pages)<
http://www.icra-edu.org/objects/anglolearn/Collective_Action-Key_Concepts_(new).pdf

The four Rs (Rights, Responsibilities, Relationships, Revenues). Power tools series. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK.
http://www.policy-powertools.org/Tools/Understanding/docs/four_Rs_tool_english.pdf

Engaging the Youth
Soils Challenge Badge: YUNGA learning and action series (120 pages)
http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3855e.pdf

Local government accountability.
Power tools series. Training Support for Partners, Lilongwe, Malawi and International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK. (31 pages)
http://policy-powertools.org/Tools/Ensuring/docs/local_government_accountability_tool_english.pdf

How to engage stakeholders and mainstream biodiversity

CEPA Toolkit – Communication, Education and Public Awareness – for National Biodiversity strategies and Actions Plans. https://portals.iucn.org/library/efiles/documents/2007-059.pdf
Section 3: How to engage stakeholders and mainstream biodiversity (from page 186)

  • Checklist: Communication skills for effective stakeholder engagement and mainstreaming (page 186)
  • Fact Sheet: How to strengthen capacity of stakeholders (page 209)
  • Checklist: Adult learning (page 211)
  • Checklist: Empowerment approach for capacity-building (page 212)
  • Fact Sheet: What is public participation? (page 216)
  • Fact Sheet: What are the modes of public participation most frequently used? (page 217)
  • Checklist: Community involvement in research and management activities (page 224)
  • Checklist: Public participation in environmental impact assessments (page 225)
  • Checklist: Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation (page 226)

Preparing the engagement process

Cross-scale monitoring and assessment of land degradation and sustainable land management: a methodological framework for knowledge management Land Degradation and Development

Reed MS, Buenemann M, Atlhopheng J, Akhtar-Schuster M, Bachmann F, Bastin G, Bigas H, Chanda R, Dougill AJ, Essahli W, Fleskens L, Geeson N, Hessel R, Holden J, Ioris A, Kruger B, Liniger HP, Mphinyane W, Nainggolan D, Perkins J, Raymond CM, Schwilch G, Sebego R, Seely M, Stringer LC, Thomas R, Twomlow S, Verzandvoort S 2011 Cross-scale monitoring and assessment of land degradation and sustainable land management: a methodological framework for knowledge management. Land Degradation and Development 22 (2) 261-271, doi: 10.1002/ldr.1087
Please access the abstract http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ldr.1087/abstract

Biodiversity, land degradation, and climate change: Participatory planning in Romania (2009)
This paper considers the role of stakeholder participation in drawing together the three Rio Conventions, exploring how participatory activities to combat desertification in southern Romania can both support and hinder efforts to conserve biodiversity and mitigate the effects of climate change.
http://people.unica.it/giovannisistu/files/2013/11/partecipazioneinromania1.pdf

Stakeholder engagement in EU research: bringing science to bear on biodiversity governance.
Conference ESEE, JOLIBERT, C. 2011.
http://www.esee2011.org/registration/fullpapers/esee2011_c3e403_1_1304967722_4161_2164.pdf/a>

Manual of Communication and Dissemination: Guidance for Organisation of Community Work, Writing Dissemination Products, and Dissemination Activities (2011). http://www.desire-his.eu/en/booklets-a-factsheets/794-manual-of-communication-and-dissemination

A Guide to Stakeholder Engagement In Support of Integrated Land Management (2010; Alberta, Canada)
This guide is intended to build understanding of the need for stakeholder engagement and to provide tools (templates) for those designing and planning stakeholder engagements. The engagement process can be applied to reflect the scale and scope of any landscape-level activity.
http://esrd.alberta.ca/lands-forests/integrated-land-management/documents/StakeholderEngagementSupportILM-2010.pdf

Long-term involvement of stakeholders in research projects on desertification and land degradation
Nichola Geeson, N., Quaranta, G., Salvia, R., Brandt, J., 2015. Long-term involvement of stakeholders in research projects on desertification and land degradation. J. Arid Environ. 114, 124-133.
http://www.unccd.int/Lists/SiteDocumentLibrary/Publications/2015Jan_Land%20Scan4_REPORTS_ARTICLES_PAPERS.pdf.

Stakeholder Participation Toolkit for Identification, Designation and Management of Marine Protected Areas,
IUCN 2013 (page 17 – 28). http://www.rac-spa.org/sites/default/files/mpa_stakeholder_toolkit.pdf

ANNEX 1: Sections of interest taken from a document entitled Development of strategies for the conservation of species. Support document for training. April 2013, IUCN-Med, Malaga, Spain.

ANNEX 2: Sections taken from the document entitled “Participatory methods for ICZM implementation” produced By UNIVE under the PEGASO project.
ANNEX 3: Stakeholder Participation: A Synthesis of Current Literature. Report prepared by the National Marine Protected Areas Center in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Coastal Services Center. Brianne Leigh Kessler, Primary Investigator. September 2004.
ANNEX 4: Social Science Tools for Coastal Programs: Introduction to Stakeholder Participation. Prepared by the Coastal Services Center of NOAA<

Channelling scientific knowledge on land issues into policy
Stringer LC, Dougill AJ. (2013). Channelling scientific knowledge on land issues into policy: enabling best-practices from research on land degradation and sustainable land management in dryland Africa. Journal of Environmental Management 114, 328-335. The abstract http://www.researchgate.net/publication/233535885_Channelling_science_into_policy_Enabling_best_practices_from_research_on_land_degradation_and_sustainable_land_management_in_dryland_Africa.

Improving the enabling environment to combat land degradation
Akhtar-Schuster M, Thomas RJ, Stringer LC, Chasek P, Seely MK. 2011. Improving the enabling environment to combat land degradation: institutional, financial, legal and science-policy challenges and solutions. Land Degradation and Development 22(2), 299-312, doi: 10.1002/ldr.1058
You can access the abstract http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.1058″ target=”_blank”>doi: 10.1002/ldr.1058

Designing a public web-based information system to illustrate and disseminate the development and results of the DESIRE Project to combat desertification
Geeson, N., Brandt, J., Quaranta, G., Salvia, R., 2014. Designing a public web-based information system to illustrate and disseminate the development and results of the DESIRE Project to combat desertification. >J .Environ. Manag. 54, 1043-1055.
The abstract http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00267-013-0069-x

Transdisciplinary research: understanding the stakeholder perspective
Bracken, L.J., Bulkeley, H.A., Whitman, G., 2014. Transdisciplinary research: understanding the stakeholder perspective. J. Environ. Plan. Manag.
The abstract http://dro.dur.ac.uk/13664/

Participatory environmental assessment in drylands: introducing a new approach
Whitfield, S., Reed, M.S., 2012. Participatory environmental assessment in drylands: introducing a new approach. J. Arid Environ. 77, 1-10.
The abstract http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196311002898

Participatory Evaluation of Monitoring and Modeling of Sustainable Land Management Technologies in Areas Prone to Land Degradation (2013).
This paper focuses on workshops in which stakeholders evaluated the performance of SLM technologies based on the scientific monitoring and modeling results from 15 study sites. The abstract http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23868445