Tag Archives: cost-benefit

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Over the span of this MOOC the participating teams worked on the economic valuation of different ecosystems. The teams worked on a case of interest to them and developed an alternative scenario for the current situation of their ecosystem. Participants then carried out a variety of valuation methods to assess the economic costs and benefits of a change in land use practices and come to a decision whether their proposed project implementations were worth undertaking.
Find the results of their hard work below!

Argentina
"A small project a big step, Paso Grande"

Team: Latin America Working Group
Authors: Marisa Young, Maria Paula Lopardo, Waltraud Ederer,
Luis Manuel Selva Garcia, Carlos Wuerschmidt
Paso Grande [Argentina]

Botswana
"Assessing the Costs and Benefits of Sustainable Land Management
in Botswana`s Kalahari rangelands"

Team: Southern African Range lands
Authors: Holger Pabst, Nicola Favretto, Till Eichler
Kalahari Rangelands [Botswana]

Brazil
"Mambai Cerrado Brazil"

Team: Small Farmers in South America
Authors: Erika Wagner, Karen Montiel, Ray Pinheiro Alves, Eduardo Barroso
Mambai Cerrado [Brazil]

Cameroon
"Tuissong Forest Case Study"

Team: Stakeholders
Authors: Guy Merlin Nguenang
Tuissong Forest [Cameroon]

Canada
"Vineyards and Tourism in the Niagara Region"

Team: Landuse and climate change
Authors: Elizabeth Philip, Shikha Raj, Navneet Kumar, Prashant Kumar,
Vivek Kumar, Felix Akrofi-Atitianti
Vineyards and Tourism in Niagara Region 1 [Canada]
Vineyards and Tourism in Niagara Region [Canada] 2 Sheet1

Vineyards and Tourism in Niagara Region [Canada] 3 Questionnaire
Vineyards and Tourism in Niagara Region [Canada] 4 Calculations

Colombia
"Hacienda la Ceiba"

Team: Sustainability
Author: Andrea Gonella
Hacienda La Ceiba [Colombia]

East-Africa
"
The Lake Victoria Ecosystem: A deeper look into its true worth"
Team: Lake Victoria
Authors: Benson Rwegoshora Bashange, Chanoine Marie, Franz Vockinger,
Janek Toepper, Leah-Rehema Murerwa, Rose Anarfiwaah Oppong, Yacoubou Kadade
Lake Victoria [East Africa]

Ethiopia
"
Restoring Ecosystems to Sustain Local Communities.
Awash National Park, Ethiopia.
"

Team: Endangered Species
Author: Anna Staneva
Awash National Park [Ethiopia]

"Lake Awasa"
Authors: Bethlehem Hailu, Mekdes Amare
Awash National Park [Ethiopia]

Germany
"
The case of a Fictional Forest in Germany."
Team: Forest
Author: Gernot Gauger
Fictional Forest [Germany]

"Improvement of the land on the Messdorfer Field, owned by the city of Bonn."
Team: ELD Team Bonn
Authors: Franka Berdel, Wolf Berdel, Lena Rzehak, Peter Rabus
Messdorfer Feld [Germany]

Ghana
"Amansie Central District of the Ashanti Region, Ghana."

Team: Subsaharan Africa
Authors: Suzanne Myada, Andualem Belay, Dawood Abbas, Oliver Kirui,
Nahason Julius Mugo
Amansie Central District [Ghana]

India
"
Project Proposal Presented to Thathar Watershed Commitee"
Team: Valuing Eco System Services for Sustainable Land Management
Authors: Radhika Rani Ch, Honghao Chen, Heleen Claringbould,
Mosiuoa Walter Bereng, Raghavendra Rao, Mira Wenzel
Thathar Watershed [India]

"Economics of Land Degradation in Catchments of Jaisamand Lake, Udaipur,
Rajasthan, India. Presentation to Commissioner Tribal Development
and Udaipur Division, Government of Rajasthan, India.
"

Team: Soil Building Processes in different Land Capability
Author: Deepak Sharma
Jaisamand Lake [India]

"Cost Benefit Analysis of Notorious Dry lands of Ramanathapuram District,
Tamil Nadu, India."
Team: Land Management in India
Authors: V.S. Balasubramanian, Biganenahalli Nanjundaiah Dhananjaya,
Anupriya Pande, Uma Gurumurthy, Dr.Inkarsal Kalai
Dry lands of Ramanathapuram 1 [India]
Dry lands of Ramanathapuram 2 [India]

"Agricultural farmland at Rudrur, Nizamabad district, India"
Author: Dr. R. Vasantha
Agricultural Farmland at Rudrur [India]

Italy
"
Farming Land near Zalewa"
Team: Agricultural Crop land
Authors: Ian Madalitso Saini, Ignasio
Vulci's archeological and natural Park[Italy]

Kenya
"
Fencing Mt. Kenya National Park"
Team: Land and Water
Author: Antti Seelaff
Mount Kenya National Park [Kenya]
Mount Kenya National Park [Kenya].2
Mount Kenya National Park [Kenya].3

Kyrgyzstan
"Proposal of a new scenario. Sustainable farming for people and nature
in the Chon-Aksuu river basin."

Author: Ludmilla Kiktenko
Chon-Aksuu river Basin [Kyrgyzstan]

Latvia
"Decision Support Models for Contaminated Site Remediation:
BLB Terminal Case Study"

Team: Site remediation and Clean Up
Author: Juris Burlakovs
Contamination CleanUp [Latvia]

Mexico
"
Chapultepec Park. Mexico City."
Team: The importance of Urban Land
Authors: Andrea Valdes, Assia Korichi, Elizabeth Ramirez
Chapultepec Park [Mexico City ]

"Construction of a dam at El Salto Region and Ejido La Victoria"
Team: Economia de los Recurses Narales en Mexico
Authors: José Ciro Hernández-Díaz, Karla E. Segura-Millan,
Yolanda Ontiveros, Emanuel Estrada
El Salto Region and Ejido La Victoria 1 [Mexico]
El Salto Region and Ejido La Victoria 2 [Mexico]

"Economic evaluation of three different types of management
applied to dual-purpose livestock in the region of "Sotavento" in Veracruz,
Mexico, considering the land degradation"

Author: Héctor Daniel Inurreta Aguirre
Sotavento ? Veracruz [Mexico] Presentation
Sotavento ? Veracruz [Mexico] Report

"Valuation of Mangroves in Tampamachoco Lagoon, Veracruz, Mexico."
Team: The Value of Wetlands in a Changing World
Authors: Ana Laura Lara Dominguez, Andre Mascarenhas, Ibrahim AlSaihati,
Liberty Tanangco
Tampamachoco lagoon - Veracruz [Mexico] 1
Tampamachoco lagoon - Veracruz [Mexico] Cost Benefit

"Tropical Montane Cloud Forests in Veracruz, Mexico"
Team: Mexico Sustainable Management Group Mexico
Authors: Kathrin Grahmann, Ana Abigail Aragon Rios,
Alfonso Cortes Arredondo, Perla Ortiz Colin
Tropical Montane Cloud Forest [Mexico]

Morocco
"The case for a water pricing scheme in Ternata, in the Draa Valley"
Team: Desertification, Land Degradation, Drought, Dry land
Authors: Julian Andersen, Barbara Johnson, Adil Moumane
Draa Valley [Morocco]

Palestine
"
Wadi Gaza ? Case Study."
Team: Positive Land Use Change
Authors: Ali Salha, Iva Stamenova
Wadi Gaza [Palestine]

Philippines
"Camp John Hay, Baguio City, Philippines"
Team: Ecosystem Services
Author: Dr. Antonia Corinthia C. N. Naz
Camp John Hay [Philippines]

South Africa
"
Kruger National Park"
Team: Politics
Authors: Bettina Benzinger, Punnathon Pudpongpun, Spyridoula Zachari
Kruger National Park 1 [South Africa]
Kruger National Park 2 [South Africa] Questionnaire

Sweden
"Development of a resort"

Team: Forests
Authors: Cyril Egar, Tymon Mphaka, Julia Dupuis
Mixed Forest 1 [Sweden]
Mixed Forest 2 [Sweden]

Uganda
"Bwindi Impenetrable National Park"

Team: Sustainable Natural Resource Management in Africa
Authors: Daniel Gebeyehu, Clemens Felix Olbrich, Gertrude Ngabirano,
Paul Bwalya, Louisa, Silvana Builes Gaitán
Bwindi National Park [Uganda]
Bwindi National Park [Uganda] CostBenefit

"The value of Mabira forest to the communities living around it."
Team: Forest
Author: Busuulwa Huthaifa
Mabira forest [Uganda]

USA
"KD's Dream ?
Turning Brown County into a National Heritage Area (NHA).
Proposal to the stakeholders of Brown County.
"

Team: Culture and Environment
Authors: Kaddy Lane, Florian Bender, Ephrem Santos, Rianne ten Veen,
Ruti Rubis Kanangire, Richmond Narh Tetteh, AnaRiza Mendoza
Brown County State Park [USA]

Vietnam
"
Xuan Thuy Wetland Reserve"
Team: Land degradation in South East Asia team
Authors: Wisit Ngamsom, Thin Nwe Htwe, Ephrem Santos
Xuan Thuy Wetland [Vietnam] CostBenefit

Zambia
"
Proposed plan to improve use of seasonal flooding and the natural resources
in Barotse floodplain system, Zambia
"

Team: Natural Resource Management
Author: Moses Kazungu
Barotse Floodplain 1 [Zambia]
Barotse Floodplain [Zambia] Log Frame_CostBenefit

"Nansanga Farm Block"
Team: Environmental Modeling
Authors: Karla Segura Millan Rivas, Andrew Chilombo, Dinali Jayasinghe,
Odilon Boris Lokonon
Nansanga Farm Block [Zambia]

 

This week's case-study:

Case Study 10: Cardamom Mountains

South East Asia: The value of land resources in the Cardamom Mountains in Cambodia
http://www.theoslo.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/The_Values_of_Land_Resources_in_the_Cardamom_Mountains_final.pdf

Further Reading

Valuation methods descriptions and case studies:

http://ecosystemvaluation.org

Hedonic pricing:
King, D.A. and Sinden, J.A., 1988. Influence of soil conservation on farm land values. Land Economics. 64(3): 242-255. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3146248

Travel cost method:
Navrud, S. and Mungatana, E.D. Environmental valuation in developing countries: The recreational value of wildlife viewing. Ecological Economics. 11: 135-151      .                       http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0921800994900248

Contingent Valuation method:
Ngugi, G.W., Newton, L.E. and Muasya, A.M., 2011. The contribution of forest products to dryland household economy: The case of Kiang’ombe hill forest, Kenya. Ethnobotany Research and Applications. 9: 163-180. http://lib-ojs3.lib.sfu.ca:8114/index.php/era/article/view/197/320

Choice experiment:
Do, T.N., 2007. Impacts of dykes on wetland values in Vietnam’s Mekong River Delta: A case study in the Plain of Reeds (PhD Thesis). Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia, Singapore.      http://web.idrc.ca/uploads/user-S/12114357241ThangNamDoRR.pdf

Blamey, J., Rolfe, J., Bennett, J. and Morrison M. 2000. Valuing remnant vegetation in Central Queensland using choice modelling. The Australian Journal of Agriculture and Resource Economics. 44(3): 439-456.

Benefit transfer:
see UK National Ecosystem Assessment, TEEB, ELD Initiative

https://www.evri.ca/

Repositories of economic valuation studies:

http://inweh.unu.edu/references/

Over the last few weeks, we have identified ecosystem services and their marketable and non-marketable value. From the perspective of a cost-benefit-analysis, we have described the "inaction" case, a.k.a. business-as-usual.

We've also developed scenarios to eventually prevent land degradation, or 'upgrade' the current status of land, while improving the livelihood of people. Furthermore, we have looked at the tools provided by economists and have identified the ones suitable for various land valuation. This week, we will put a valuation method into practice by designing a research plan.

A research plan »
Assignment 4: Develop a Research Plan »
Live Event: Participatory Valuation Methods Madagascar »
Resources Research Methods »

Making land management decisions requires the involvement of stakeholders. Dr. Daniel Plugge from the University of Hamburg will discuss his recent research on participatory valuation methods in Madagascar.

Speaker: Dr. Daniel Plugge, University of Hamburg/Germany, Institut of World Forestry
Download Slides:
ELD MOOC Plugge Participatory Scenario 1
ELD MOOC Plugge Participatory Scenario 2

You'll need to develop a rough research plan this week. Decide amongst your group which ecosystem service you'll value and choose a research method. It may be the one that you suggested in Assignment 3, but any other suitable method is also okay to use. Then, develop a research plan. Practitioners Guide Research may be helpful.

  1. Choose a research method
  2. Develop a (hypothetical) sampling plan and a means of data collection
  3. If you decide to conduct a Benefit-Transfer, identify at least one “source” case study that allows for transfer and set the method of transfer (point estimate, function) (in this case ignore step 2 and continue with 3)!
  4. Design a short questionnaire or an executable data acquisition set-up
  5. Briefly describe possible sources for biases and scope/ limitations of your study
The assignment (500 words approx ) is due on April 12, 2014. Please post it on the etherpad. We will 'harvest' it from there. 

During the first few weeks of the course, we looked at ecosystem services and considered the various valuation methods. Now, it is time to put those theories into practice. Throughout the next few weeks, you will generate a cost-benefit-analysis of your ecosystem case-study that compares the existing situation with a new potential scenario. 

Copyright: GIZ, Photo: Robert Heine

Assignments

Assignment 4 gives you the opportunity to develop a new scenario for your ecosystem. The scenario must have two goals: it must prevent land degradation (or improve the quality of the land) and it must better the livelihood of the poorer stakeholders. Find out more in the >Contents section. This team assignment is due on April 12.

We have reviewed your second assignment submissions. Feedback will be posted on Tuesday in your team's section.

Live-Events

You will find the recorded live events in each week's content section.

Join us at our next live-event, April 2, 2014 at 3.30 pm CET with Prof. Dr. Hans Hurni, University of Bern. He will explain how to do a cost-benefit-analysis using the case of the Ethiopian Highlands.  More

Last week, we had a lively exchange with Hannes Etter who introduced us to three different valuation methods using case-studies from Namibia, Kenya and Spain. The recordings and his powerpoint presentation are now available online: More

Creative Commons License

ELD MOOC by ELD Initiative is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

This week's case-study:

Case Study 4 and 7: Sierra Leone / World Crop

Quiz

Further Reading

Simple cost-benefit analysis:
De Groot, R.S., J. Blignaut, S. Van Der Ploeg, J. Aronson, T. Elmqvist, and J. Farley. 2013. "Benefits of Investing in Ecosystem Restoration." Conservation Biology 27:1286-1293.

A bit more advanced:
Birol, E., P. Koundouri and Y. Kountouris (2010). "Assessing the economic viability of alternative water resources in water-scarce regions: Combining economic valuation, cost-benefit analysis and discounting." Ecological Economics 69(4): 839-847.

Next week we will simulate a cost-benefit-analysis for your chosen ecosystem. This economic method is a decision-making tool that will enable you to make a comparison between two scenarios:

1. the scenario that you explored in Assignment 2

2. a new scenario that you will create

The assignment is due on April 12, 2014.

  • Pls read Chapter 3 UNU-INWEH on Cost-Benefit-Analysis.
  • The choice: describe an alternative scenario for your existing case study. Develop a new scenario for the ecosystem described in Assignment 2. The scenario could be a variety of measures: e.g. adapting new land use practice, changing agricultural methods, using the land for a business / factory, excluding the land from use, turning it into a preserved national park, etc. The goal is to prevent (or reverse) land degradation, while improving the livelihood of (poorer) stakeholders.
  • Describe your scenario (approx. 500 words): What measurements are to be taken? Whose livelihood will you improve? What is the time span of your project? Are you going to include transfer payments (tax, subsidies, etc...)? Write a list of factors and items (goods/services) that represent costs and benefits for the two scenarios.
  • The Week_5 Practitioner's Guide_Form will help you to structure the discussion.
  • Note: Think boldly! In this assignment, you should pretend that you have all of the authority, the means, and the competence to better your ecosystem.
  • ...and: Your scenario can not be comprised of the entire land area. You must select and use only a section of the area.
  • Please use the etherpad that you used in Assignment 2. Place Assignment 4 above Assignment 3.