Week

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Over the span of this MOOC the participating teams worked on the economic valuation of different ecosystems. The teams worked on a case of interest to them and developed an alternative scenario for the current situation of their ecosystem. Participants then carried out a variety of valuation methods to assess the economic costs and benefits of a change in land use practices and come to a decision whether their proposed project implementations were worth undertaking.
Find the results of their hard work below!

Argentina
"A small project a big step, Paso Grande"

Team: Latin America Working Group
Authors: Marisa Young, Maria Paula Lopardo, Waltraud Ederer,
Luis Manuel Selva Garcia, Carlos Wuerschmidt
Paso Grande [Argentina]

Botswana
"Assessing the Costs and Benefits of Sustainable Land Management
in Botswana`s Kalahari rangelands"

Team: Southern African Range lands
Authors: Holger Pabst, Nicola Favretto, Till Eichler
Kalahari Rangelands [Botswana]

Brazil
"Mambai Cerrado Brazil"

Team: Small Farmers in South America
Authors: Erika Wagner, Karen Montiel, Ray Pinheiro Alves, Eduardo Barroso
Mambai Cerrado [Brazil]

Cameroon
"Tuissong Forest Case Study"

Team: Stakeholders
Authors: Guy Merlin Nguenang
Tuissong Forest [Cameroon]

Canada
"Vineyards and Tourism in the Niagara Region"

Team: Landuse and climate change
Authors: Elizabeth Philip, Shikha Raj, Navneet Kumar, Prashant Kumar,
Vivek Kumar, Felix Akrofi-Atitianti
Vineyards and Tourism in Niagara Region 1 [Canada]
Vineyards and Tourism in Niagara Region [Canada] 2 Sheet1

Vineyards and Tourism in Niagara Region [Canada] 3 Questionnaire
Vineyards and Tourism in Niagara Region [Canada] 4 Calculations

Colombia
"Hacienda la Ceiba"

Team: Sustainability
Author: Andrea Gonella
Hacienda La Ceiba [Colombia]

East-Africa
"
The Lake Victoria Ecosystem: A deeper look into its true worth"
Team: Lake Victoria
Authors: Benson Rwegoshora Bashange, Chanoine Marie, Franz Vockinger,
Janek Toepper, Leah-Rehema Murerwa, Rose Anarfiwaah Oppong, Yacoubou Kadade
Lake Victoria [East Africa]

Ethiopia
"
Restoring Ecosystems to Sustain Local Communities.
Awash National Park, Ethiopia.
"

Team: Endangered Species
Author: Anna Staneva
Awash National Park [Ethiopia]

"Lake Awasa"
Authors: Bethlehem Hailu, Mekdes Amare
Awash National Park [Ethiopia]

Germany
"
The case of a Fictional Forest in Germany."
Team: Forest
Author: Gernot Gauger
Fictional Forest [Germany]

"Improvement of the land on the Messdorfer Field, owned by the city of Bonn."
Team: ELD Team Bonn
Authors: Franka Berdel, Wolf Berdel, Lena Rzehak, Peter Rabus
Messdorfer Feld [Germany]

Ghana
"Amansie Central District of the Ashanti Region, Ghana."

Team: Subsaharan Africa
Authors: Suzanne Myada, Andualem Belay, Dawood Abbas, Oliver Kirui,
Nahason Julius Mugo
Amansie Central District [Ghana]

India
"
Project Proposal Presented to Thathar Watershed Commitee"
Team: Valuing Eco System Services for Sustainable Land Management
Authors: Radhika Rani Ch, Honghao Chen, Heleen Claringbould,
Mosiuoa Walter Bereng, Raghavendra Rao, Mira Wenzel
Thathar Watershed [India]

"Economics of Land Degradation in Catchments of Jaisamand Lake, Udaipur,
Rajasthan, India. Presentation to Commissioner Tribal Development
and Udaipur Division, Government of Rajasthan, India.
"

Team: Soil Building Processes in different Land Capability
Author: Deepak Sharma
Jaisamand Lake [India]

"Cost Benefit Analysis of Notorious Dry lands of Ramanathapuram District,
Tamil Nadu, India."
Team: Land Management in India
Authors: V.S. Balasubramanian, Biganenahalli Nanjundaiah Dhananjaya,
Anupriya Pande, Uma Gurumurthy, Dr.Inkarsal Kalai
Dry lands of Ramanathapuram 1 [India]
Dry lands of Ramanathapuram 2 [India]

"Agricultural farmland at Rudrur, Nizamabad district, India"
Author: Dr. R. Vasantha
Agricultural Farmland at Rudrur [India]

Italy
"
Farming Land near Zalewa"
Team: Agricultural Crop land
Authors: Ian Madalitso Saini, Ignasio
Vulci's archeological and natural Park[Italy]

Kenya
"
Fencing Mt. Kenya National Park"
Team: Land and Water
Author: Antti Seelaff
Mount Kenya National Park [Kenya]
Mount Kenya National Park [Kenya].2
Mount Kenya National Park [Kenya].3

Kyrgyzstan
"Proposal of a new scenario. Sustainable farming for people and nature
in the Chon-Aksuu river basin."

Author: Ludmilla Kiktenko
Chon-Aksuu river Basin [Kyrgyzstan]

Latvia
"Decision Support Models for Contaminated Site Remediation:
BLB Terminal Case Study"

Team: Site remediation and Clean Up
Author: Juris Burlakovs
Contamination CleanUp [Latvia]

Mexico
"
Chapultepec Park. Mexico City."
Team: The importance of Urban Land
Authors: Andrea Valdes, Assia Korichi, Elizabeth Ramirez
Chapultepec Park [Mexico City ]

"Construction of a dam at El Salto Region and Ejido La Victoria"
Team: Economia de los Recurses Narales en Mexico
Authors: José Ciro Hernández-Díaz, Karla E. Segura-Millan,
Yolanda Ontiveros, Emanuel Estrada
El Salto Region and Ejido La Victoria 1 [Mexico]
El Salto Region and Ejido La Victoria 2 [Mexico]

"Economic evaluation of three different types of management
applied to dual-purpose livestock in the region of "Sotavento" in Veracruz,
Mexico, considering the land degradation"

Author: Héctor Daniel Inurreta Aguirre
Sotavento ? Veracruz [Mexico] Presentation
Sotavento ? Veracruz [Mexico] Report

"Valuation of Mangroves in Tampamachoco Lagoon, Veracruz, Mexico."
Team: The Value of Wetlands in a Changing World
Authors: Ana Laura Lara Dominguez, Andre Mascarenhas, Ibrahim AlSaihati,
Liberty Tanangco
Tampamachoco lagoon - Veracruz [Mexico] 1
Tampamachoco lagoon - Veracruz [Mexico] Cost Benefit

"Tropical Montane Cloud Forests in Veracruz, Mexico"
Team: Mexico Sustainable Management Group Mexico
Authors: Kathrin Grahmann, Ana Abigail Aragon Rios,
Alfonso Cortes Arredondo, Perla Ortiz Colin
Tropical Montane Cloud Forest [Mexico]

Morocco
"The case for a water pricing scheme in Ternata, in the Draa Valley"
Team: Desertification, Land Degradation, Drought, Dry land
Authors: Julian Andersen, Barbara Johnson, Adil Moumane
Draa Valley [Morocco]

Palestine
"
Wadi Gaza ? Case Study."
Team: Positive Land Use Change
Authors: Ali Salha, Iva Stamenova
Wadi Gaza [Palestine]

Philippines
"Camp John Hay, Baguio City, Philippines"
Team: Ecosystem Services
Author: Dr. Antonia Corinthia C. N. Naz
Camp John Hay [Philippines]

South Africa
"
Kruger National Park"
Team: Politics
Authors: Bettina Benzinger, Punnathon Pudpongpun, Spyridoula Zachari
Kruger National Park 1 [South Africa]
Kruger National Park 2 [South Africa] Questionnaire

Sweden
"Development of a resort"

Team: Forests
Authors: Cyril Egar, Tymon Mphaka, Julia Dupuis
Mixed Forest 1 [Sweden]
Mixed Forest 2 [Sweden]

Uganda
"Bwindi Impenetrable National Park"

Team: Sustainable Natural Resource Management in Africa
Authors: Daniel Gebeyehu, Clemens Felix Olbrich, Gertrude Ngabirano,
Paul Bwalya, Louisa, Silvana Builes Gaitán
Bwindi National Park [Uganda]
Bwindi National Park [Uganda] CostBenefit

"The value of Mabira forest to the communities living around it."
Team: Forest
Author: Busuulwa Huthaifa
Mabira forest [Uganda]

USA
"KD's Dream ?
Turning Brown County into a National Heritage Area (NHA).
Proposal to the stakeholders of Brown County.
"

Team: Culture and Environment
Authors: Kaddy Lane, Florian Bender, Ephrem Santos, Rianne ten Veen,
Ruti Rubis Kanangire, Richmond Narh Tetteh, AnaRiza Mendoza
Brown County State Park [USA]

Vietnam
"
Xuan Thuy Wetland Reserve"
Team: Land degradation in South East Asia team
Authors: Wisit Ngamsom, Thin Nwe Htwe, Ephrem Santos
Xuan Thuy Wetland [Vietnam] CostBenefit

Zambia
"
Proposed plan to improve use of seasonal flooding and the natural resources
in Barotse floodplain system, Zambia
"

Team: Natural Resource Management
Author: Moses Kazungu
Barotse Floodplain 1 [Zambia]
Barotse Floodplain [Zambia] Log Frame_CostBenefit

"Nansanga Farm Block"
Team: Environmental Modeling
Authors: Karla Segura Millan Rivas, Andrew Chilombo, Dinali Jayasinghe,
Odilon Boris Lokonon
Nansanga Farm Block [Zambia]

 

Copyright GIZ, Photo: Tesfaya Mebrahtu

We have to say farewell to a great group: We made friends and met people from around the world who care about land degradation. After putting so much thought, energy and experience into the assignments and the discussions, we hope that the MOOC contributed to making the concept of ELD work for you now and in the future. We hope that you stay in touch and we will let you know about more opportunities to prevent land degradation.

Live-Event: Participants present their final projects »

Copyrigh: GIZ; Photo: Adoulaye Yeye

This week you will finalize your project, packing all of your research and conclusions into your presentation. Many teams have already submitted some wonderful work. We are looking forward to your cost-benefit-analysis about your land of choice. Please note that the assignment is already due on May 9, 2014.  

Assignment: Final project »
Live-Event: Louise Baker »

Copyright: GIZ, Photo: Sumi Teufel

By now, you have done some basic research, gathered data, and made your calculations as best you could. This research will have given you a good basis for deciding between the existing situation and the new scenario. You will sum up your case in the cost-benefit-analysis and present your choice for a scenario.

Assignment: Final project »
Live Event: Dr. Thomas Falk »

You have started doing research using a variety of methods. Continue gathering data to evaluate your new scenario.

Copyright: GIZ, Photo: Guenay Ulutunçok

Assignment 5 »
Live Event »
Resources »

Now that you have developed a new scenario and a research plan, it is time to carry out your research and collect stakeholder feedback.

Copyright: GIZ, Photo: Marlis Kees

Live-Event: Dr. Richard Thomas UNU INWEH »
Resources »
Assignment 5 »

Over the last few weeks, we have identified ecosystem services and their marketable and non-marketable value. From the perspective of a cost-benefit-analysis, we have described the "inaction" case, a.k.a. business-as-usual.

We've also developed scenarios to eventually prevent land degradation, or 'upgrade' the current status of land, while improving the livelihood of people. Furthermore, we have looked at the tools provided by economists and have identified the ones suitable for various land valuation. This week, we will put a valuation method into practice by designing a research plan.

A research plan »
Assignment 4: Develop a Research Plan »
Live Event: Participatory Valuation Methods Madagascar »
Resources Research Methods »

Copyright: GIZ, Photo: Martin Egbert

Valuation methods provide us with more information on values and costs, thereby enabling us to make decisions. The range and impact of those choices may vary: should a piece of land be turned into a National Park? Should the private sector be allowed to use build a factory on it? Will a paradigm shift in agricultural methods help to inhibit land degradation? How can the livelihood of the people who live off of the fruits of land be improved? In order to make these choices, we have to come up with specific scenarios: land use patterns, stakeholders, costs and benefits. 

A Scenario for a cost-benefit-analysis »
Assignment 4 »
Resources Cost-Benefit-Analysis »
Live-event: How to do a cost-benefit-analysis »

Economics provides us with the methods we need to value ecosystem services. They have varied  approaches: some measure using replacement or repair costs while others refer to personal preference (what people both say and demonstrate). Benefit Transfer draws from other cases to make a comparison. This week we will be exploring evaluation methods and their effectiveness. We will apply them to the cases we are working on.

The Toolkit: Valuation Methods »
Assignment 3 »
Live-Event: How to Value Ecosystem Services »
Resources Valuation Methods »

Farmers benefit from flourishing crops, cattle owners from green pastures, and tourists from the beautiful landscape: ecosystems are advantageous to us all. These benefits are crucial to the livelihood of millions of people around the world.

But what happens if ecosystems get disturbed and cease to produce the services that stakeholders need? What if land degradation starts producing serious side effects? Who pays for these side effects? We'll now adopt the perspective of society as a whole: a benefit for one stakeholder may be a loss for a larger community.

This week, we will examine the characteristics of ecosystem services in order to deepen our understanding of the affects they have on society and our environment: how do they fit into the bigger economic picture?

Assignment 2 »
Resources »
The Market and its Failures »
Webinar 19. March – ELD engagement with the private sector »